Malignant growths in the urinary bladder are usually an indication of bladder cancer. The bladder is an important part of our body as it holds the urine and controls urination by contracting its walls.
Often related to urinary tract infections, the bladder also plays a part in this type of infection. For this type of cancer, there is an abnormal proliferation of cells localized in the bladder.
This type of cancer may be detected through the signs and symptoms associated with it. Blood in the urine, some visible to the naked eye and some only seen through a microscope may be noted. Pain during urination is also a possible symptom of bladder cancer.
In addition to this, frequent urination or frequent feeling of urination without actual urine could also be symptoms. Nevertheless, if you have such signs and symptoms, you should seek professional attention since it is not only bladder cancer that can be related to such symptoms.
What causes this deadly disease? There are different risk factors associated with bladder cancer. For one, tobacco smoking has been noted to put individuals at a higher risk of this type of cancer.
Quitting smoking has also been seen to reduce the risk of acquiring the disease. Genetics also play a role in this disease. There are mutated genes that are associated with this disease such as H19, FGFR3 and RB1.
Like most cancers, having a family history of this type of cancer increases your risk of having the disease. Urine cytology or transurethral cystoscopy is usually the preferred method of diagnosis. Cytology is preferred by many physicians because it is highly sensitive. A positive result downright indicates cancer in the bladder.
Cystoscopy on the other hand, can be commonly referred to as bladder washing. During this procedure, a flexible tube with a camera at the end is inserted in your body to reach the bladder.
This allows a visual of the bladder and analyzes any tumor or malignant growth that will be seen. Treatment is available for this type of cancer, although the treatment plan depends on the extent of the cancer. Superficial cancer may be removed by electrocautery.
On the other hand, those that extend deep into the muscle require greater surgical intervention. A part of the bladder has to be removed to ensure that cancer cells will not continue in proliferating.
For superficial tumors, immunotherapy may also be a part of the treatment plan to ensure that the cancer cells will not re-occur.
Chemotherapy and radiation are also used to treat the disease. You do not have to feel hopeless upon diagnosis of this type of cancer. There are many treatment options available and there are many individuals who are able to surpass this.
The important thing is to detect the disease as soon as possible. Early detection means that treatment may be given early on as well. During the first stages of cancer, it can still be treated.
If you are at the risk of cancer, you should be well aware of the risk factors associated with the disease aside from genetics. Then, you should stir clear of those that put you at a higher risk to avoid bladder cancer.