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The issue of fertility can be sensitive and troublesome for couples looking to conceive a child. However, although the prospect can be overwhelming, there are now simple tests that you and/or your partner can take to determine if everything is ok.
The First Steps
Prior to any kind of fertility test, you and/or your partner should schedule an appointment with a doctor or infertility specialist. The meeting with the fertility specialist will help you to determine which type of fertility test, if any, that you or your partner may require. The specialist will ask you and/or your partner questions about your health, and your sexual habits. The questions you will be asked may seem very personal, but they are necessary in order for the specialist to determine any possible infertility issues.
Types Fertility Tests For Women
For women there are a number of factors that can contribute to infertility, which means that there are a variety of fertility tests available.
– Blood Test
A simple blood test is often carried out by your doctor to determine whether your hormone levels are normal. The tests are carried out at different times in a woman’s cycle such as after ovulation and during the menstrual cycle. The blood tests check a woman’s progesterone levels, estradiol levels, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
– Pap Smear
A cervical examination or pap smear is a common test used to check for medical issues such as cervical cancer or Chlamydia. These issues can affect a woman’s fertility.
– Urine Test
Urine tests are used to detect hormone levels, such as luteinizing hormone (LH), similar to those checked in blood tests.
A hysterosalpinogram, also known as a tubogram or a HSG, is series of X-rays of the fallopian tubes and the uterus. It is performed to check whether or not there are any problems with the fallopian tubes or the uterus, such as blockages or defects, which can cause infertility.
– Ultrasound Scan
An ultrasound scan is used to scan the uterus in order to determine if there are any problems with the ovaries or uterus.
When Women Should Consider Getting Tested
If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for more than twelve months with no success, then it is a good idea to visit your doctor or fertility specialist. They will be able to help determine if there are any infertility issues, and run the appropriate tests.
Types of Fertility Tests for Men
– Sperm and Semen Test
The most common fertility test for men is the sperm and semen test. This test involves analysing the man’s semen to check for issues like low sperm count or low sperm mobility. These are common causes of fertility problems in men.
– Physical Examination
A physical examination is often carried out to check for any abnormalities on the male anatomy or testicles such as varicocoeles.
– Urine Test
The doctor may administer a urine test to check for Chlamydia. Chlamydia is a common, but easily treatable, infection which can cause fertility problems.
When Men Should Consider Getting Tested
An estimated 85% of couples who have frequent, unprotected sex will become pregnant within nine months. If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for over twelve months then it is best to consult your doctor. Although many people associate infertility with women, men often have fertility problems too.
If you and/or your partner are struggling to conceive it can be disheartening. However, sometimes by just taking a few simple tests, you can help make the situation easier. Once you have had any necessary fertility tests it will enable you and/or your partner to get any treatment you may need, and properly move ahead with planning your new family.